NASA
NASA

The Carajas mine, shown in this NASA satellite image taken in late July, 2009, stretches across more than six miles of rainforest in northeastern Brazil. In 2007, 296 million metric tons of iron ore were dug out of the mine, which is estimated to contain a total of 18 billion tons of iron ore, gold, manganese, copper, and nickel. The mine is one of scores of mining, hydropower, agricultural, and road projects that are increasingly denuding the world’s largest rainforest.

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