06 Jan 2016:
Graphene Membrane Can Clean
Nuclear Wastewater, New Research Shows
University of Manchester
Microscopic image of graphene membrane
Microscopic graphene membranes can effectively filter radioactive particles from nuclear reactor wastewater at room temperature, researchers from the University of Manchester have shown. Writing in the journal Science
, the researchers demonstrated that graphene membranes can act as a sieve, separating different varieties of hydrogen — both radioactive and non-radioactive isotopes — from water. The new technology could also be scaled to produce significant amounts of so-called "heavy water," which is a non-radioactive component that is required in large quantities to produce nuclear energy. The graphene technology is 10 times cheaper and more efficient than current methods of producing heavy water. "This is really the first membrane shown to distinguish between subatomic particles," said University of Manchester researcher Marcelo Lozada-Hidalgo.
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