08 Mar 2012:
Herbicides May Be Lethal For
Endangered Butterfly Species, Study Says
Common herbicides used to maintain the habitat of the endangered Lange’s metalmark butterfly may actually pose a lethal threat to the species
, according to a new study. In tests requested by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service — which uses the herbicides to combat invasive plants inside a northern California wildlife refuge — scientists at Washington State University found that adult populations of the closely related Behr’s metalmark butterfly dropped by as much as one-third when their larvae were exposed to regular doses of three commonly used herbicides. For small populations, “any kind of reduction like that is going to be a problem,” said John Stark an ecotoxicologist and lead author of the study, published in the journal Environmental Pollution
. The scientists could not use the Lange’s metalmarks for testing because of their endangered status. While more than 25,000 of the butterflies were believed to live in the dunes of Antioch Dunes National Wildlife Refuge a century ago, the numbers dropped to 5,000 in the early 1970s and to as low as 45 in 2006. A critical threat facing the butterfly is the loss of the naked stem buckwheat plant, which has been increasingly overgrown by non-native plants, such as the ripgut brome, vetch and yellow starthistle.
Yale Environment 360 is
a publication of the
Yale School of Forestry
& Environmental Studies
Yale Environment 360
articles are now available in Spanish and Portuguese on Universia
, the online educational network. Visit the site.
Business & Innovation
Policy & Politics
Pollution & Health
Science & Technology
Antarctica and the Arctic
Central & South America
A three-part series Tainted Harvest
looks at the soil pollution crisis in China, the threat it poses to the food supply, and the complexity of any cleanup. Read the series.
is now available for mobile devices at e360.yale.edu/mobile
The Warriors of Qiugang
, a Yale Environment 360
video, chronicles a Chinese village’s fight against a polluting chemical plant. It was nominated for a 2011 Academy Award for Best Documentary Short.
Watch the video.
Top Image: aerial view of Iceland
. © Google & TerraMetrics.
, winner of the Yale Environment 360 Video Contest, documents the work of African researchers monitoring wildlife in Uganda's remote Bwindi Impenetrable National Park. Watch the video.