A World Centered on Sea Ice Changes at the Poles

For eons, the polar marine food chain has been closely linked to the seasonal formation and retreat of sea ice. Now, as that ice rapidly melts in the Arctic and along the Antarctic Peninsula, this intricate web of life is undergoing major shifts, benefiting some creatures and putting others at risk. READ MORE

 

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A NASA satellite image shows a phytoplankton bloom in the Southern Ocean, which surrounds Antarctica. Each summer, as sea ice retreats, rafts of phytoplankton in the Antarctic and the Arctic bloom as the sun catalyzes the photosynthetic process. Those blooms feed zooplankton, which are in turn consumed by seabirds, fish, and marine mammals. But as sea ice rapidly retreats, this web of life is changing. (NASA)

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